Ninety years ago, notably, on February 23rd and 25th, 1929, Husserl held his two quite famous Paris lectures Einleitung in die transzendentale Phänomenologie that, after a very long and laborious re-elaboration, would later come to be known as Méditations Cartésiennes (1931) and then—after the publication of the first volume of the Husserliana series—as Cartesianische Meditationen (1950). Over the course of the five Meditations all the most important and crucial elements of his ambitious project are either explicitly tackled and systematically worked out or touched upon: the Cartesian “motive” animating the phenomenological enterprise; the foundational role of philosophy, understood as first philosophy, vis-à-vis the totality of positive sciences; the structure of intentionality and the concept of synthesis; the notion of evidence and the contingency of the world-experience; the concrete subject and the method of variation; the relation between transcendental reduction and the epochè; the constitution of the alter ego and the metaphysical outcomes of the explication of the experience of the other; the thorny issue of the relation(s) between phenomenology and metaphysics, and the structural concept of reason; the assessment of modalities; the relation between phenomenology and psychology and the explicit endorsement of a monadological idealism.
The combination of all these themes, motives and concepts contributes to providing the reader of the Cartesian Meditations
with one of the most articulated and complex presentation of what might
be labeled Husserl’s “system of philosophy,” of all its ambitions,
aspirations as well as difficulties.
The goal of the conference is to explore the legacy of the Cartesian Meditations according to three different, yet intertwined perspectives:
(a) That of a straightforward confrontation with the text itself of both the Paris Lectures and the five Cartesian Meditations
by tackling specific notions, problems and themes that Husserl develops
therein by also relating them to other texts and contexts;
(b) That of the assessment of the overall project of a new System of Phenomenological Philosophy on which Husserl tirelessly worked during the last decade of his activity;
(c) That of the Wirkungsgeschichte of the text and the long-standing influence and fascination that it exerted on philosophers and scholars; the history of its reception and interpretations.
Critically evaluating and synthesizing all the previous research on the phenomenology of Czech philosopher Jan Patočka, the book brings a new voice into contemporary philosophical discussions. It elucidates the development of Patočka’s phenomenology and offers a critical appropriation of his work by connecting it with non-phenomenological approaches. The first half of the book offers a succinct, and systematizing, overview of Patočka’s phenomenology throughout its development to help readers appreciate the motives behind and grounds for its transformations. The second half systematically explicates, critically examines and creatively develops Patočka’s concept of the movement of existence as the most promising part of his asubjective phenomenology. The book appeals to new readers of Patočka as well as his scholars, and to students and researchers of contemporary philosophy concerned with topics such as embodiment, personal identity, intersubjectivity, sociality, or historicity. By re-assessing Patočka’s philosophy of history and his civilizational analysis, it also helps to better articulate the question of the place of Europe in the post-European world.
Martin Ritter is a Research Fellow at the Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague. He specializes in phenomenology, critical theory and media philosophy. Martin Ritter has published numerous journal articles on Patočka’s thought and has taught several courses on Patočka’s philosophy; he also took part in editing Patočka’s Collected Works.
This volume articulates and develops new research questions and original insights regarding the philosophical dialogue between Hegel’s philosophy, his heritage, and contemporary phenomenology, including, among others, Husserl, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, and Ricoeur. The collection discusses methodological questions concerning the relevance of Hegel’s philosophy for contemporary phenomenology, addressing core issues revolving around the key concepts of history, being, science, subjectivity, and dialectic. The volume fills a gap in historiography, expanding the knowledge of the impact of Hegel’s philosophy on contemporary philosophy and raising new questions on the transformation of transcendental philosophy in post-Kantian philosophy. The contributions gathered in this volume shed new light on issues related to the problem of scientific method in philosophy, on the philosophy of history, as well as on the dimension of subjectivity. By providing critical insights into Hegel’s philosophy and contemporary phenomenology, the book opens up new research perspectives recommended to philosophers and scholars of different traditions, especially classical German philosophy, phenomenology, and history of Western philosophy.